Explaining the EU’s Legal Obligation for Democracy Promotion: The Case of the EU-Turkey Relationship

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The “democracy” in EU democracy promotion. – III. The EU-Turkey relationship. – IV. Analysing democracy promotion in the EU-Turkey relationship. – IV.1. Positive/express democracy promotion. – IV.2. Negative/express democracy promotion. – IV.3. Positive/implied democracy promotion. – IV.4. Negative/implied...

Integration in European Defence: Some Legal Considerations

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Reasons for the inclusion of EDU provisions in the Lisbon Treaty and their rationale. – III. Legal considerations. – III.1. The options. – III.2. Establishment of Permanent Structured Cooperation. – III.3. Functioning. – III.4. Purpose. – III.5. Funding. – IV. Conclusion.

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L’Union européenne et la question du Sahara: entre la reconnaissance de la souveraineté du Maroc et les errements de la justice européenne

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. La reconnaissance par l’Union européenne de la souveraineté du Maroc sur le Sahara. – II.1. La reconnaissance par l’Union européenne de la souveraineté du Maroc sur le Sahara à travers une série d’accords internationaux, dont l’accord de partenariat. – II.2. La reconnaissance par l’Union européenne de la...

Front Polisario: A Step Forward in Judicial Review of International Agreements by the Court of Justice?

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Table of Contents: Preliminary remarks: judicial review of international agreements between self-restraint and judicial activism. – II. The decision of the General Court in Front Polisario and the procedural approach. – III. The substantive approach in the decision of the Court of Justice in Front Polisario. – IV....

“Self-determination at the European Courts: The Front Polisario Case” or “The Unintended Awakening of a Giant”

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Some factual elements of the Western Sahara dispute. – III. The Association Agreement and the proceeding before the General Court in the Case T-512/12. – IV. The Court of Justice judgment of 21 December 2016. – V. The right to self-determination and the Front Polisario case. – VI....

Foreword

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In an earlier issue, European Papers hosted a comment by Eva Kassoti on the Court of Justice’s decision in case C-104/16 P, Council of the European Union v. Front Polisario.

The comment has triggered a number of reactions, some of which requesting that the critical points it made be counterbalanced by different views. Aware of the...

External Participants v. Internal Interests: Principles of EU Administrative Law in Anti-dumping Investigations

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Discretion or clear rules? The “fundamental importance” of the administrative law framework. – III. Interests involved in anti-dumping policy-making. – III.1. Decision to initiate investigations. – III.2. Decision on anti-dumping duties. – IV. Three functions of participation. – IV.1. Mechanism to collect...

The Extraterritorial Reach of EU Environmental Law and Access to Justice by Third Country Actors

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The legal phenomenon of IEMEIs. – II.1. IEMEIs regulating conduct abroad on the basis of environmental regulatory requirements. – II.2. IEMEIs regulating trade: market access conditions and obligations on Third Country actors. – II.3. Compliance with IEMEIs: “contingent unilateralism”, equivalence and...

Pages

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European Forum

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Forum Européen

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Forum europeo

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Foro Europeo