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The EU-Turkey Agreement: A Controversial Attempt at Patching up a Major Problem

Insight

Abstract: On 18 March 2016 the European Union and Turkey reached an agreement aimed at solving the issue of the high numbers of migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea from Turkey to Greece. This agreement intended to close the people-smuggling routes and reduce the number of migrants entering the EU. It focused principally on the following issues:...

Précisions sur la gestion du système européen d’échange de quotas d’émission de gaz à effet de serre

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Keywords: greenhouse emission scheme – allowances – thievery – rectification decision – Kyoto Protocol – legal certainty.
 

Plus de dix ans après son adoption, la directive 2003/87 CE[1] du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 13 octobre 2003 établissant un système d’...

Respect des valeurs de l’Union européenne en Pologne: première application du nouveau cadre pour renforcer l’État de droit

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Keywords: European Union values – Arts 7 and 49 TEU – rule of law – European Commission – Poland – framework to strengthen the rule of law.
 

L’Union européenne est, comme le revendiquent l’art. 2 du traité sur l’Union européenne ainsi que le préambule de la Charte des droits fondamentaux, fondée sur un certain...

On Conferral, Institutional Balance and Non-binding International Agreements: The Swiss MoU Case

Insight

Abstract: In its judgment in the Swiss MoU case, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) annuls a European Commission decision on the signing of an addendum to a Memorandum of Understanding with Switzerland on the subject of Switzerland’s financial contributions to ensure that country’s continued access to the internal...

H. v. Council et Al. – A Minor Expansion of the CJEU’s Jurisdiction Over the CFSP

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Keywords: CJEU – Common Foreign and Security Policy – seconded staff – jurisdiction – attribution – European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUPM bih).
 

On 19 July 2016 the Grand Chamber of the CJEU issued its judgment in case C-455/14 P, H. v. Council et al....

Trade Secrets and Whistleblower Protection in the European Union

Insight

Abstract: The recently adopted Trade Secrets Directive aims to increase incentives for cross-border innovation activities and business competitiveness in the European Union. Yet, the Directive has been controversial and criticized for failing to provide adequate safeguards for whistleblowers, i.e. individuals who expose information in the public...

La prima volta per la procedura di controllo sul rispetto dei valori dell'Unione prevista dall'art. 7 TUE? Alcune implicazioni per l'integrazione europea

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Keywords: European Commission – recommendation – Art. 7 TEU – EU common values – rule of law – serious and persistent breach.
 

Con la raccomandazione del 27 luglio 2016[1] la Commissione europea ha proseguito la propria attività rispetto alla crisi costituzionale in...

The Regulation on the Provision of Emergency Support Within the Union: Humanitarian Assistance and Financial Solidarity in the Refugee Crisis

Insight

Abstract: Regulation 2016/369 establishes an emergency support mechanism for the provision of humanitarian aid in response to natural or man-made disasters giving rise to severe wide-ranging humanitarian consequences within the European Union. Although its scope of application is much broader, the Regulation has been adopted as an emergency measure...

Integration Through Residence Conditions? The Beneficiaries of Subsidiary Protection Confronted with the Janus-faced National Integration Policies

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Keywords: integration - third country nationals - subsidiary protection - residence condition - conditionality - EU general principles.
 

Under the terms of Art. 79, para. 4 TFEU, integration of third country nationals legally residing in a Member State should fall under the category of complementary competences...

Illegal State Aids and Multinational Companies: The European Commission Decision on the Apple – Ireland Tax Ruling

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Keywords: Apple – State aid – arm’s length principle – tax regulations – multinational companies – OECD guidelines.
 

In its decision of 30 August 2016 the European Commission found that Ireland granted undue tax benefits to Apple and that, as a consequence, that Member State is under the obligation to recover...

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