Adapting to Change: COVID-19 as a Factor Shaping EU State Aid Law

Insight

Abstract: The purpose of this Insight is to illustrate how State aid law will work in this troubled time. First, it focuses on Art. 107, para. 3, let. b) and c), TFEU and the Temporary Framework adopted by the European Commission to support the economy in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak. Furthermore, it clarifies the role that Art. 107...

Citizenship, Coronavirus and Questions of Competence

Insight

Abstract: Restrictions on movement imposed in all Member States have necessarily resulted in a restriction of free movement rights of Union citizens, albeit in an incidental manner. These restrictions are nonetheless facilitated by the relevant provisions of primary and secondary law. This is appropriate in light of the multi-level system of...

The COVID-19 Emergency and the Reintroduction of Internal Border Controls in the Schengen Area: Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste

Insight

Abstract: The Insight analyses the wave of internal border control reintroductions following the COVID-19 outbreak. It addresses the relevant legal framework and discusses the possible implications for the Schengen Area, in the light of the recent practice of highly disputed prorogations of border controls and of the pending reform of the...

Sugli effetti della violazione di obblighi procedurali sostanziali: in margine alla sentenza Airbnb

Insight

Abstract: The Insight focuses on the judgement delivered by the Court of Justice on 19 December 2019 in case C-390/18, Airbnb Ireland. The analysis will be mainly conducted with a view to exploring the notion of essential procedural requirement, developed in the previous case law, and the legal consequences flowing from this notion...

The X Case: The Influence of the Resource Requirement on Long Term Residents’ Integration and National Authorities’ Discretionary Powers

Insight

Abstract: In the X case (judgment of 3 October 2019, case C-302/18), the Court of Justice addressed for the first time the application of the resource requirement of the Directive 2003/09/EC, a precondition for the obtainment of the status of long-term resident by third-country nationals. In its ruling, the Court compared the provision of...

For a Few Cigarettes More: The AG Opinion in the JTI Case

Insight

Abstract: In his Opinion delivered on 6 December 2018 in case C-596/17, JTI, AG Saugmandsgaard Øe argued that Art. 15, para. 1, of Directive 2011/64 authorises Member States to prevent tobacco manufacturers and importers from varying the retail selling price per item or gram for each of their manufactured tobaccos of a certain brand and...

The General Court’s Ruling in Tercas: Between Imputability of the Aid to the State and Use of State Resources

Insight

Abstract: This Insight examines the clarification provided by the General Court’s ruling in Tercas (namely, judgment of 19 March 2019, joined cases T-98/16, T-196/16 and T-198/16, Italy and Others v. Commission) with regard to two constituent elements of the notion of State aid: the “imputability to the State” and the “use...

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