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Aucune justification du refus de participer au mécanisme temporaire de relocalisation de demandeurs d’une protection internationale

Insight

Abstract: In the case Commission v. Hungary, Poland and Czech Republic (judgment of 20 April 2020, joined cases C-715/17, C-718/17 and C-719/17), the Court of Justice clarified the scope of Art. 72 TFEU in the context of relocation of applicants for international protection during the 2015 “refugee crisis”. The Court held that it is not...

Free Movement of Workers in the Light of the COVID-19 Sanitary Crisis: From Restrictive Selection to Selective Mobility

Insight

Abstract: In a context of widespread border checks and border closures, the circulation of workers was not totally abolished: some workers, whose mobility was considered necessary, continued to benefit from free movement. The selection of the types of work mobility to be preserved, in the crisis, is the starting point of this contribution. After...

Rapatriements en situation d’urgence lors de la pandémie de COVID-19: la solidarité européenne hors sol européen

Insight

Abstract: One of the priorities of the EU’s external action during the COVID-19 outbreak was to ensure protection of its citizens stranded outside the European territory, especially those whose Member State of nationality had no embassy or consulate in a position to effectively provide consular assistance. Repatriation of these citizens was made...

Regulating Composite Platform Economy Services: The State-of-play After Airbnb Ireland

Insight

Abstract: A number of platform economy services are composite insofar as they consist of an element provided by electronic means and another that is not provided by electronic means. Determining whether platforms provide only the online intermediation service or an overall service comprising the underlying physical service as well is instrumental in...

Adapting to Change: COVID-19 as a Factor Shaping EU State Aid Law

Insight

Abstract: The purpose of this Insight is to illustrate how State aid law will work in this troubled time. First, it focuses on Art. 107, para. 3, let. b) and c), TFEU and the Temporary Framework adopted by the European Commission to support the economy in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak. Furthermore, it clarifies the role that Art. 107...

Quand l’urgence de santé publique fait son entrée parmi les catastrophes en droit de l’UE

Insight

Abstract: In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, EU’s reaction is mixed. It partly takes the form of a financial assistance to the Member States. Many funds are mobilized, for example the European Union Solidarity Fund which was set up to respond to major natural disasters and express European solidarity to EU countries and countries involved in...

The COVID-19 Emergency and the Reintroduction of Internal Border Controls in the Schengen Area: Never Let a Serious Crisis Go to Waste

Insight

Abstract: The Insight analyses the wave of internal border control reintroductions following the COVID-19 outbreak. It addresses the relevant legal framework and discusses the possible implications for the Schengen Area, in the light of the recent practice of highly disputed prorogations of border controls and of the pending reform of the...

European Solidarity in Times of Emergency: An Introduction to the Special Focus on COVID-19 and the EU

Highlight

Keywords: COVID-19 and the EU – European Solidarity – EU Values – EU Policies – EU Competences – New Research Paths.
 

On 13 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Europe the active centre of the COVID-19 pandemic. One month later, on 14 April 2020, several European Union Member States were...

Rethinking Solidarity in View of the Wanting Internal and External EU Law Framework Concerning Trade Measures in the Context of the COVID-19 Crisis

Insight

Abstract: The present Insight looks at the EU and the international law framework concerning trade measures in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, focusing on export restrictions. As is shown, the legal framework is fairly permissive with regard to EU Member States, but also the EU as an international actor. Taking into account economics–...

Citizenship, Coronavirus and Questions of Competence

Insight

Abstract: Restrictions on movement imposed in all Member States have necessarily resulted in a restriction of free movement rights of Union citizens, albeit in an incidental manner. These restrictions are nonetheless facilitated by the relevant provisions of primary and secondary law. This is appropriate in light of the multi-level system of...

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