The Activities of Frontex on the Territory of Third Countries: Outsourcing Border Controls Without Human Rights Limits?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The establishment of the European Border and Coast Guard. – III. The enhancement of the Agency’s mandate. – III.1. The conferral of executive powers on the Agency’s staff. - III.2. The emergence of a supervisory role. – IV. Cooperation with third countries in the framework of the European Border and Coast...

The Ne Bis in Idem Principle in the Age of Balancing

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Table of Contents: I. Dual-track proceedings and the current scope of protection. – II. The need for a clear notion of “idem”. – III. The “sufficiently close connection in substance and time”: ECtHR case-law post A and B v Norway. – IV. The “sufficiently close connection in substance and time”: the unspoken balancing act engaged in by the...

EU Member States’ Responsibility Under International Law for Breaching Human Rights When Cooperating with Third Countries on Migration: Grey Zones of Law in Selected Scenarios

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Table of Contents: I. Setting the scene. – II. Challenges of EU Member States’ extraterritorial border management measures in select scenarios. – III. Allocating international responsibility of EU Member States for their extra-territorial border management activities: Twilight zone. – III.1. First scenario: Activities carried out by EU Member States...

The EU Green Deal and the Transformations of the European Administrative System: Does the 'Epistemic Leadership' of the Scientific Advisory Board Push the Agency Model over the Sunset Boulevard?

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Table of Contents: I. Setting the scene. – II. The (more than) discreet charm of EU agencies. – III. The evolution of the European regulatory space: the EU Green Deal as a transformative project. – IV. The European Environment Agency within the institutional architecture of the Green Deal: role and functions. – V. The EU Scientific Advisory Board on...

The Externalisation of EU Migration Policies in Light of EU Constitutional Principles and Values: Reconciling the Irreconcilable? An Introduction to the Special Section

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Abstract: In recent years, the European Union (EU) has substantially intensified its activities directed at externalising border/migration management towards the territories of third countries. This specific model of EU migration management is often realized at the expense of democratic scrutiny, judicial supervision, transparency and, most...

Digital Detectives: A Research Agenda for Consumer Forensics

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Consumer law enforcement through computational investigations. – II.1. The CPC Regulation. – II.2. DSA. – III. Computational Measurements of Influencer Activity: a case study for digital enforcement. – IV. Consumer forensics: a new field for digital detectives. – IV.1. Consolidating data collection and...

Regulation of Crypto-assets in the EU: Future-proofing the Regulation of Innovation in Digital Finance

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Regulating innovation in the digitalised age. – II.1. Impact of regulation on innovation. – II.2. Crypto-assets as innovation: a moving target. – III. The regulation of crypto-assets in the EU. – III.1. The MiCA framework, its objectives and challenges. – III.2. Activity- and risk-based approach to...

The Informalisation of EU Readmission Policy: Eclipsing Human Rights Protection Under the Shadow of Informality and Conditionality

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Table of Contents: I. Informality and the EU external action on migration and asylum. – I.1. Informalisation and cooperation on the readmission. – I.2. Growing interest in informalisation: a literature review. – II. Informalisation, soft law and soft agreements: key concepts and definitions in the readmission policy field. – II.1. Understanding...

Digital Libraries Under EU Copyright Law: A Relationship Set in Stone?

e-Journal

Table of Contents: I. Introduction: libraries and copyright law in the digital networked environment. – II. Digital library developments: institutional organisation, purpose and functions. – III. Assessment: digital libraries under the modernised DSM directive: is EU copyright law currently future-proof? – III.1. Institutional organisation. – III.2...

Targeted Retention of Communications Metadata: Future-proofing the Fight Against Serious Crime in Europe

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction: data retention and future-proofing. – II. “The Lighthouse for Privacy Rights in Europe”? Past and present CJEU case law on communications data retention. – II.1 Retain in haste, repent at leisure: the legacy of Directive 2006/24/EC. – II.2. La Quadrature du Net and Privacy International: from...

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