Social Integration: The Different Paradigms for EU Citizens and Third Country Nationals

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Acts relating to immigration policy. – II.1. Directive 2003/109 on long-term residents. – II.2. Directive 2003/86 on family reunification. – III. Acts relating to asylum policy. – III.1. The Dublin Regulation. – III.2. The Qualifications Directive. – IV. Acts relating to free movement of persons. – IV.1. Regulation 1612/68 on free movement of workers. – IV.2. Directive 2004/38. – V. Conclusions.

Abstract: The Article analyses whether and how integration considerations are encapsulated into EU secondary legislation establishing the conditions under which EU citizens and third country nationals can reside in a Member State (acts relating to immigration policy, to asylum policy, and to free movement of citizens of the Union), taking due account of the case-law of the Court of Justice. The aim is to compare the different legal regimes under this particular perspective, in order to evaluate whether the regime applicable to EU citizens can be understood as ontologically different from the regime established for third country nationals or rather as a variation of the same regime.

Keywords: integration measures – free movement of EU citizens – migration – family reunification – international protection – treatment of third country nationals.

European Papers, Vol. 3, 2018, No 2, pp. 663-692
2499-8249 - doi: 10.15166/2499-8249/251

* Associate Professor of EU Law, University of Milan,


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