Opinion 1/17: Autonomy of EU Legal Order and the Conflicting Context of International Investment Arbitration

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The concept of autonomy. – III. The fundamental aspects of the principle of autonomy in the light of Opinion 1/17. – III.1. Opinion 1/17 and the allocation of competences. – III.2. Opinion 1/17 and the preliminary reference procedure. – III.3. Opinion 1/17 and the control of EU law. – IV. Evaluating the...

Opinion 1/17 and Its Themes: An Overview

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Autonomy. – III. The principle of equal treatment and effectiveness. – IV. The right of access to an independent tribunal.

Abstract: This Article introduces the Special Section on “Opinion 1/17: Between European and International Perspectives”, by...

Litigating Human Rights Disputes Against the EU and the Member States: Some Reflections in Light of Opinion 1/17

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The case law of the European Court of Human Rights on the responsibility of EU Members States under the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). – III. Overview of the internalisation model. – IV. Adaptability of the internalisation model to human rights litigation. – V. Conclusions....

Between Fiction and Reality: The External Autonomy of EU Law as a 'Shapeshifter' After Opinion 1/17

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Table of Contents: I. Eureka moments. – II. A strict versus a lenient approach: hypotethicals, fictions and cursory analyses. – II.1. Hypotethicals can make the difference between a strict or a lenient approach. – II.2. Fictions and assumptions used as legal arguments. – II.3. Not analysing an issue thoroughly enough. – III....

Autonomy or Unity? Investment Protection (ISDS) and the Principle of Equality Before the Law

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The pre-assessment. – II.1. The legal question. – II.2. The Court’s rejection of Article 21 CFR. – III. The Court’s assessment of art. 20 CFR. – III.1. “Within the Union itself”. – III.2. Procedural rights – different differently. – III.3. Substantive rights – equals equally. – IV. An alternative way to make...

Investment Court Judges and the 'Right to an Independent Tribunal': An Assessment of the Qualification and Ethics Rules in EU FTAs in Light of Opinion 1/17

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Provisions on ethics and qualifications of adjudicators in the new generation FTAs. – II.1. CETA, EUVIPA and EUSIPA: what is across the board? – II.2. Codes of conduct in the Agreements – III. The Opinion 1/17 and the ethics and qualifications of Members of ICS Tribunals. – III.1. The issue raised by Belgium...

The Legacy of Opinion 1/17: To What Extent Is the Autonomous EU Legal Order Open to New Generation ISDS?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. EU and a reformed international investment order. – II.1. Post-Lisbon intra-EU developments and traditional ISDS clauses. – II.2. ISDS Novelty outdated? Commission’s reform agenda and the comprehensive economic and trade agreement with Canada (CETA). – II.3. Main legal issues connected to the new generation...

Procureur du Roi v Dassonville: The Judicial Dossier Behind the Measure Equivalent to Trade Restriction Formula

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The hidden sources in written observations: Dassonville and the EEC’s definition of MEEQR. – II.1. New sources revealed. – II.2. MEEQR as an ongoing discussion in EEC institutions. – III. Behind the CJEU formula, the story of wholesalers and the technicity of trade regulations. – III.1. The...

ERTA and Us: Shifting Constitutional Equilibria on the Visions of Europe

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. A constitutional moment: admissibility subordinated to competence. – III. The tension between the institutional and the organic visions of Europe: the nature of the contested act. – IV. ERTA and us: contested equilibria between the two visions of Europe? – V. Concluding remarks....

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