Brexit: The Impact on Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters Having Cross-border Implications – A British Perspective

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The Europeanisation programme. – III. The United Kingdom opt-in. – IV. The legislative background. – IV.1. The Brussels instruments. – IV.2. The Rome instruments. – V. Brexit. – V.1. Brexit: the political background. – V.2. The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill. – VI. The position of Scotland within the UK in the matter of private international law. – VI.1. The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill and the Scottish devolution settlement. – VII. The prospective regime: what should be the UK’s aim? – VII.1. Unilateralism. – VII.2. Divergence. – VIII. A possible compromise solution: a bespoke UK/EU27 agreement. – VIII.1. The future role and jurisdiction of the CJEU. – IX. An alternative possible compromise solution: a Lugano II template. – IX.1. The role of the CJEU in the Lugano regime. – X. Failing UK/EU27 agreement… – XI. The Hague Conference on Private International Law.

Abstract: Professors Crawford and Carruthers comment, from a British perspective, on the possible effects of Brexit upon European civil justice harmonisation measures, with particular reference to the Brussels I Recast, Brussels II bis, Rome I and Rome II Regulations.

Keywords: Brexit – judicial cooperation in civil matters – European Union (Withdrawal) Bill – Scottish devolution – Lugano II – Hague Conference on Private International Law. 

European Papers, Vol. 3, 2018, No 1, pp. 183-202
2499-8249 - doi: 10.15166/2499-8249/196

* Professor Emeritus of International Private Law, University of Glasgow, Scotland,

** Professor of Private Law, University of Glasgow, Scotland,


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