Schengen and European Borders: An Introduction to the Special Section

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Abstract: The functioning of the Schengen area and, more broadly, of European external borders, have been under considerable strain due to increased migration flows, the COVID-19 pandemic and security threats. These developments have tested Member States’ and EU agencies’ compliance with EU rules and principles, and the viability of the

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Crisis as (Asylum) Governance: The Evolving Normalisation of Non-access to Protection in the EU

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction: structuralising crisis. – II. “Crisification”: the incremental normalisation of exceptions. – III. The 2015 ”Refugee Crisis”: the suspension of governance (as a form of governance) – III.1. Relocation (and Dublin prorogation) – III.2. The Hotspot Fiasco – IV. The New Pact Reforms: generalising derogations – IV.1....

Schengen Purgatory or the Winding Road to Free Travel

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The two-step accession to Schengen. – II.1. Schengen accession under primary law. – II.2. Schengen accession under secondary law. – III. Application of the Schengen acquis in Schengen candidate states. – III.1. Binding but not applicable. – III.2. Defining Schengen’s external borders. – III.3. The...

The Interplay Between the European Investigation Order and the Principle of Mutual Recognition

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. New formulas in the regime of mutual recognition in the EIO. – III. The question of defining investigative measures and having recourse to a different one. – III.1. The applicability of the corrective mechanism in other cooperation systems. – IV. An increased extent of direct communication between the...

Reform of Epidemic Surveillance Exposing 'Standardising' Decisions and Their Replacements by Regulations

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Reform of epidemic surveillance. – III. Limited attention to decisions. – IV. Linguistic dimension. – V. Diversity and incidence of decisions. – VI. Inspiration for comparison. – VII. Substantial classification of decisions. – VIII. Outlining the doctrine of “standardising” decisions. – IX. Identified...

The European Union’s Participation in the Creation of Customary International Law and Its Impact on Member State Sovereignty

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Law-making capacity as an expression of sovereignty. – III. The participation of international organizations in the formation of customary international law. – III.1. Overview. – III.2. Whose practice? – III.3. Which norms? – III.4. Conclusion – IV. The practice of the EU and its relevance in the creation of...

European Migration Law Between 'Rescuing' and 'Taming' the Nation State: A History of Half-hearted Commitment to Human Rights and Refugee Protection

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Primary law: migration management and its limits. – III. Secondary legislation: enhanced protection of migrants’ rights. - III.1. Enhancing the rights of migrants – III.2. Promotion of State interests. - IV. Asylum policy: reform failure and circumvention. – IV.1. “Pushbacks” as an extreme form of non-...

Long-arm Collective Sovereignty Through the EU: The EU Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime Transcending the Limits of the Fight Against Impunity

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The normative positioning of the Union: a new space for the collective exercise of sovereignty. – II.1. Human rights and criminal law, a source of inspiration and legitimacy. – II.2. Normative interpretation and hybridization within the Council practice. – III. “Supplementing” criminal repression? A new...

The EU and Its Member States at War in Ukraine? Collective Self-defence, Neutrality and Party Status in the Russo-Ukraine War

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Aid and assistance provided to Ukraine since February 2022. – II.1. The European Union and its Member States. – II.2. The United States of America, the United Kingdom and Canada. – II.3. Russia’s response. – II.4. Reactions from other states. – II.5. Conclusion. – III. Jus ad bellum, neutrality law...

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European Forum

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Forum Européen

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