Active or Passive: The National Judges’ Expression of Opinions in the Preliminary Reference Procedure

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. National court opinion in the preliminary reference procedure. – III. Methods and material. – IV. Results. – IV.1. Active courts: motivations for expression opinions. – IV.2. Passive courts: motivations for not expressing opinions. – V. Passive high court judges? – VI. Concluding discussion....

Defending the Rule of Law or Reality Based Self-defense? A New Polish Chapter in the Story of Judicial Cooperation in the EU

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Theoretical framework: why national judges participate in judicial dialogue with the CJEU. – III. Judiciary reforms in Poland 2017-2018: a brief overview. – IV. Preliminary questions as reaction of Polish courts to the judiciary reforms. – V. Defending the rule of law or reality based self-defense...

Irish Courts and the European Court of Justice: Explaining the Surprising Move from an Island Mentality to Enthusiastic Engagement

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Research design and literature overview. – III. Legal explanations. – III.1. A stricter application of Cilfit by the Supreme Court. – III.2. The Court of Appeal: a de facto court of final appeal applying Cilfit. – IV. A generational change in knowledge and mentality. – V. Increased...

Lawyering Eurolaw: An Empirical Exploration into the Practice of Preliminary References

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. A European opportunity structure. – III. Lawyers and references: an unexpected task. – III.1. Allocating resources. – III.2. Going to Luxembourg. – III.3. Legal aid and references. – III.4. Lawyers’ motivation. – III.5. The “language” of EU law. – III.6. The significance of the hearing. – III.7. The ways of...

It Takes Two to Tango: An Introduction

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Evolving legal questions surrounding Art. 267 TFEU. – III. Stocktaking: the procedure under pressure? – IV. Contributing to the academic debate. – V. Overview of the Special Section. – V.1. Factors and motives to refer. – V.2. Quality of Court of Justice answers and dialogue. – V.3. Implementation of Court...

The EEA Agreement as a Jack-in-the-box in the Relationship Between the CJEU and the European Court of Human Rights?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Attribution of conduct and the European Court of Human Rights case-law on international organisations. – II.1. European Court of Human Rights review of MS-attributed conduct. – II.2. European Court of Human Rights review of IO-attributed conduct. – III. The European Court of Human Rights’ first stab at the...

Environmental Democracy and Judicial Cooperation in Environmental Matters: Mapping National Courts Behaviour in Follow-up Cases

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Mapping judicial cooperation: the unchartered waters of follow-up judgments. – II.1. The criteria for assessing judicial cooperation in follow-up judgments. – II.2. Known categories of judicial cooperation and uncooperation. – II.3. Chartering new waters: Italy and Belgium. – III. Italian and Belgian judges...

Reforming the EU Outside the EU? The Conference on the Future of Europe and Its Options

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Abstract: This contribution to the Dialogue offers a first analysis of the recent initiative to establish a Conference on the Future of Europe – discussing whether it can become a new model to reform the EU, and if so, how it should be designed to succeed. The contribution examines the technicalities of the EU treaty amendment rules and...

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European Forum

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Forum Européen

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Forum europeo

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