The Empire Strikes Back: The Council Decision Amending Protocols 1 and 4 to the EU-Morocco Association Agreement

Insight

Abstract: This Insight focuses on the newly adopted Council Decision amending Protocols 1 and 4 to the EU-Morocco Association Agreement which extends the territorial scope of the Association Agreement to expressly include Western Sahara. The purpose of this Insight is to assess the compatibility of the Council Decision with...

I recenti interventi della Corte di giustizia a tutela della rule of law in relazione alla crisi polacca

Insight

Abstract: The mechanism set up by Art. 7, para. 1, TEU has been activated against Poland on 20 December 2017. Nevertheless, Poland did not comply with the recommendations given by the European Commission, focused on the lack of judicial independence due to a recent reform that provoked the forced anticipated retirement of 27 judges sitting in the...

“In Between Seats”… The Conseil constitutionnel and the CETA

Insight

Abstract: On 26 July 2017, the Conseil constitutionnel ruled upon the compatibility of an EU (mixed) agreement with the French Constitution. Its decision, which concerned the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), clarifies, from a national constitutional law perspective, the room of manoeuvre of the national judge...

L’arrêt de la Grande Chambre de la CJUE du 6 mars 2018 dans l’affaire Achmea: la fin des TBI européens?

Insight

Abstract: The Achmea case (Court of Justice, judgment of 6 March 2018, case C-284/16) gave the opportunity to the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice to settle a longstanding controversy: investment arbitration is contrary to the principle of the autonomy of the European Union legal order. The reach of the decision, which was delivered in...

It Is not Just About Investor-State Arbitration: 
A Look at Case C-284/16, Achmea BV

Insight

Abstract: In the much-awaited Achmea judgment (of 6 March 2018, case C-284/16 [GC]), the Court of Justice held that investor-state tribunals (ISTs), “such as” the one under the Netherlands-Slovakia intra-EU bilateral investment treaty (BIT) are incompatible with EU law. In this arguably short judgment, the Court of Justice consolidated its...

The First Ever Interpretative Preliminary Ruling Concerning the Validity of an International Agreement Between EU Member States: The Achmea Case

Insight

Abstract: In its judgment of 6 March 2018, in Achmea (case C-284/16 [GC]), the CJEU for the first time ruled on the validity, in light of EU law, of an international agreement between Member States. The judgment raises several important legal questions. This Insight concentrates exclusively on those related to...

Front Polisario: A Step Forward in Judicial Review of International Agreements by the Court of Justice?

Insight

Abstract: In Front Polisario (judgment of 21 December 2016, case C-104/16 P, Council of the European Union v. Front Polisario [GC]), the Court of Justice was called to assess the validity of a decision that had concluded an agreement providing for reciprocal liberalisation measures on agriculture and fishery products between the EU...

Atti di forze armate e terrorismo in tempo di conflitto possono coincidere? La sentenza della Corte di giustizia nel caso A et al.

Insight

Abstract: In A et al. (judgment of 14 March 2017, case C-158/14), the Court of Justice of the EU has been called upon for a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation and validity of a decision taken by the Council in 2006 to include the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in the list of terrorists in pursuance of the UN...

La Cour de justice et la mise en balance des intérêts dans le contexte de crise financière: la décision Dowling et al.

Insight

Abstract: The European Court of Justice ruled in November 2016 on a case where shareholders of a private bank were opposing the Republic of Ireland over recapitalisation measures taken by this Member State against the bank in order to obtain financial assistance from the institutions of the European Union (judgment of 8 November 2016, case C-41/15...

The EU-Turkey Statement, the Treaty-Making Process and Competent Organs. Is the Statement an International Agreement?

Insight

Abstract: The EU-Turkey Statement has undergone multiple analyses regarding issues of human rights and refugee law. One of the most controversial matters among scholars is its nature as an international agreement. This insight will analyse the legal nature of this statement, on the basis of the international law of treaties, the law of international...

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