New Clarifications on Ending the Union Citizen’s Right of Residence: The Grand Chamber Decisions of the European Court of Justice of 22 June 2021 in C-718/19 and C-719/19

Insight

Abstract: In two Grand Chamber decisions of 22 June 2021 (case C-718/19 Ordre des barreaux francophones and germanophone and Others ECLI:EU:C:2021:505; and case C-719/19 Staatssecretaris van Justitie en Veiligheid ECLI:EU:C:2021:506), the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered new clarifications on ending the Union citizen’s...

Does Stand-by Time Count as Working Time? The Court of Justice Gives Guidance in DJ v Radiotelevizija Slovenija and RJ v Stadt Offenbach am Main

Highlight

Keywords: working time – Court of Justice – stand-by time – rest period – Working Time Directive – health and safety.
 

On 9 March 2021, the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) added two judgments to a long line of case law interpreting the meaning of “working time” under art. 2 of...

The European Union Customs Administration and the Fight Against Fraud

Insight

Abstract: The EU customs management system is based on uniform legislation that is implemented on a decentralised basis by the Member States. In theory, the Customs Union should operate as if it were one single administration. In practice, the non-harmonised and uncoordinated application of the common customs legislation disrupts the proper...

Diritti dei passeggeri nel mercato aereo tra libera concorrenza e trasparenza tariffaria: brevi note a margine del caso Ryanair c. AGCM

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Keywords: internal market – competition law – unfair commercial practices – pricing policies – additional charges – transparency.
 

Con la sentenza Ryanair Ltd. c. AGCM,[1] depositata lo scorso 23 aprile 2020, la Corte di giustizia è intervenuta sulle...

Quand l’urgence de santé publique fait son entrée parmi les catastrophes en droit de l’UE

Insight

Abstract: In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, EU’s reaction is mixed. It partly takes the form of a financial assistance to the Member States. Many funds are mobilized, for example the European Union Solidarity Fund which was set up to respond to major natural disasters and express European solidarity to EU countries and countries involved in...

Do Employers Need to Record Working Time? The Court of Justice Gives Guidance in Confederación Sindical de Comisiones Obreras (CCOO) v. Deutsche Bank SAE

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Keywords: working time – rest breaks – health and safety – Charter – record-keeping – control.
 

Do employers need to keep a record of workers’ actual hours worked? The Court of Justice had the opportunity to provide an answer in Confederación Sindical de Comisiones Obreras (CCOO) v. Deutsche Bank SAE....

Organizzazioni di tendenza religiosa: quali limiti all’esenzione dal divieto di discriminazione religiosa in materia di lavoro?

Insight

Abstract: The present Insight is an attempt to shed light on the Court’s findings in its Vera Egenberger judgment of 17 April 2018 (case C-414/16). For the first time, the Court interprets Art. 4, para. 2, of Directive 2000/78/EC, providing some important clarifications. Indeed, Art. 4, para. 2, establishes an exception to the general principle of...

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