No Preliminary References from Dutch Overseas Judges: Is It Tambu or Tumba Dancing with the Court of Justice?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Study design and research method. – III. Dutch Caribbean case law and legislation concerning EU law. – IV. OCT judge opinions on preliminary reference. – V. Conclusion.

Abstract: Under EU law, parts of several Member States are characterised as Overseas...

Environmental Democracy and Judicial Cooperation in Environmental Matters: Mapping National Courts Behaviour in Follow-up Cases

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Mapping judicial cooperation: the unchartered waters of follow-up judgments. – II.1. The criteria for assessing judicial cooperation in follow-up judgments. – II.2. Known categories of judicial cooperation and uncooperation. – II.3. Chartering new waters: Italy and Belgium. – III. Italian and Belgian judges...

Neither Representation nor Taxation? Or, “Europe’s Moment” – Part I

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The philosophical implication of the abused formula “no taxation without representation”, or, in medieval terms “nullum scutagium nisi per commune consilium” can hardly be overshadowed. It underlies a conception of social organisation which departs from the Hobbesian paradigm, based on the unconditioned devolution to an absolute sovereign of all the prerogatives...

The EEA Agreement as a Jack-in-the-box in the Relationship Between the CJEU and the European Court of Human Rights?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Attribution of conduct and the European Court of Human Rights case-law on international organisations. – II.1. European Court of Human Rights review of MS-attributed conduct. – II.2. European Court of Human Rights review of IO-attributed conduct. – III. The European Court of Human Rights’ first stab at the...

It Takes Two to Tango: An Introduction

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Evolving legal questions surrounding Art. 267 TFEU. – III. Stocktaking: the procedure under pressure? – IV. Contributing to the academic debate. – V. Overview of the Special Section. – V.1. Factors and motives to refer. – V.2. Quality of Court of Justice answers and dialogue. – V.3. Implementation of Court...

When Two Preliminary Questions Result in One and Half Answers: A 'Constitutional Tragedy' in Four Acts

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. How the story unfolded: the four acts of the “constitutional tragedy”. – II.1. Act 1: the referring order of the Dutch Council of State. – II.2. Act 2: the referring order of the Tribunal of Milan. – II.3. Act 3: the reply to the Dutch referral. – II.4. Act 4: the reply to the Italian referral. – III. The...

Revisiting Art. 2 TEU: A True Union of Values?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Fundamental values and the Treaties of Lisbon. – II.1. Which values, and which status or role? – II.2. The EU’s limited competences to act upon, and enforce, its values. – II.3. How common and deep are the Union’s values? – III. Compliance with Art. 2 TEU at the stage of accession. – IV. Enforcement of Art....

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