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The European Union Customs Administration and the Fight Against Fraud

Insight

Abstract: The EU customs management system is based on uniform legislation that is implemented on a decentralised basis by the Member States. In theory, the Customs Union should operate as if it were one single administration. In practice, the non-harmonised and uncoordinated application of the common customs legislation disrupts the proper...

'Restrictive Measures' Under Art. 215 TFEU: Towards a Unitary Legal Regime? Brief Reflections on the Bank Refah Judgment

Insight

Abstract: In Bank Refah (judgment of 6 October 2020, case C-134/19 P) the Court of Justice provides important clarifications on the type of judicial remedies available in relation to CFSP decisions establishing restrictive measures. As in Rosneft, the Court seems to extend its jurisdiction beyond the so-called “claw-back” provision...

La sentenza Bank Refah Kargaran: l’evoluzione del controllo giurisdizionale sulla PESC

Insight

Abstract: In the Bank Refah Kargaran judgment (case C-134/19 P, judgment of 6 October 2020) the Court of Justice adds the action for damages against CFSP decisions to the list of legal remedies available to individuals targeted by EU restrictive measures. After a brief overview of the case, this Insight examines the reasoning of...

Stranieri trattenuti alle frontiere esterne dell’Unione: il quadro di garanzie individuato dalla Corte di giustizia e le sfide del Nuovo patto sulle migrazioni e l’asilo

Insight

Abstract: This Insight discusses the Court of Justice’s judgment of 14 May 2020 in the joined cases C-924/19 and C-925/19, which concerned two couples of asylum seekers detained in the Röszke transit zone, at the Hungarian-Serbian border. The analysis focuses on the approach followed by the Court, that has addressed several issues under EU...

A Critical Analysis on the European Union’s Measures to Overcome the Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Insight

Abstract: The EU has fast reacted in adopting a so-called Next Generation EU Recovery Plan (NGEU) and a 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) with the aim of overcoming the consequences of the disruptive COVID-19 pandemic for citizens’ health and businesses across Europe. However, there have been several political discussions during the...

Soft Law in EU Electronic Communications Regulation: A Bulgarian Case Study

Insight

Abstract: Soft law adopted by the European Commission is an integral part of the EU regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services, and has always played an important role in the regulatory process. In economic regulation under the framework, the use of binding legislation is limited to prescribing general regulatory powers...

Halcyon Days for the Right to Silence: AG Pikamäe’s Opinion in Case DB v. Consob

Insight

Abstract: The case DB v. Consob (request lodged on 21 June 2019, case C-481/19), pending before the Court of Justice, deals with preliminary questions referred by the Italian Constitutional Court on the applicability and scope of a natural person's right to remain silent during administrative proceedings which may lead to the imposition of...

Pre-trial Detention and EU Law: Collecting Fragments of Harmonisation Within the Existing Legal Framework

Insight

Abstract: Pre-trial detention has yet to be harmonised under EU law, although evidence points to an overuse that may affect mutual trust. Other instruments however exist that might impact on the way national authorities use pre-trial detention. In this Insight, we seek to detect fragments of harmonisation within the existing legal framework...

Commission c. Italie, affaire C-644/18: nouveau manquement d’Etat au regard de la directive 'qualité de l’air'

Highlight

Keywords: environment – appropriate measures – pollution – human health – infringement procedure – air quality.
 

Le 13 octobre 2018, la Commission a saisi la Cour de Justice de l’Union européenne d’un recours en manquement à l’encontre de l’Etat italien au motif de la violation de la directive 2008/50/CE, dite...

A New EU Sanctions Regime Against Human Rights Violations

Highlight

Keywords: Restrictive measures – Common Foreign and Security Policy – EU smart sanctions – human rights violations – EU external action.
 

On October 19, the European Commission and the High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Joseph Borrell, put forward a Joint Proposal for a...

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