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Religious Slaughtering, a Stunning Matter: Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België and Others

Insight

Abstract: In Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België and Others (case C-336/19 ECLI:EU:C:2020:1031) the Court of Justice held that EU Member States are allowed to require, in the context of ritual slaughter, a reversible stunning procedure which cannot result in the animal’s death. According to the Court, Regulation 1099/2009 on the...

When Medical Treatment and Religious Beliefs Intersect: The Case of Veselibas Ministrija

Insight

Abstract: This Insight comments the judgment of the Court of Justice in Veselības ministrija (case C-243/19 ECLI:EU:C:2020:872) with a view to highlight its contribution to the effectiveness of equality in access to healthcare within the Union. After a brief introduction and contextualization of the case, this Insight...

Sensibilité(s) européenne(s) et sensibilité animale: l’affaire Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België e a.

Insight

Abstract: The Court of Justice of the European Union is once again invited to rule on the conciliation between animal welfare and freedom of religion. Mainly relying on the lack of consensus among the Member States, the Court finds that a national legislation introducing an obligation of reversible stunning is admitted according to Regulation (EC)...

Commission c. Italie, affaire C-644/18: nouveau manquement d’Etat au regard de la directive 'qualité de l’air'

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Keywords: environment – appropriate measures – pollution – human health – infringement procedure – air quality.
 

Le 13 octobre 2018, la Commission a saisi la Cour de Justice de l’Union européenne d’un recours en manquement à l’encontre de l’Etat italien au motif de la violation de la directive 2008/50/CE, dite...

A New EU Sanctions Regime Against Human Rights Violations

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Keywords: Restrictive measures – Common Foreign and Security Policy – EU smart sanctions – human rights violations – EU external action.
 

On October 19, the European Commission and the High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Joseph Borrell, put forward a Joint Proposal for a...

The PSPP Judgment of the German Federal Constitutional Court: Throwing Sand in the Wheels of the European Central Bank

Insight

Abstract: After describing the measures adopted by the European Central Bank (ECB) to mitigate the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in the euro area, the Insight focusses on the repercussions of the controversial judgment adopted by the German Federal Constitutional Court (BVerfG) on 5 May 2020. It is contended that the criteria...

Diritti dei passeggeri nel mercato aereo tra libera concorrenza e trasparenza tariffaria: brevi note a margine del caso Ryanair c. AGCM

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Keywords: internal market – competition law – unfair commercial practices – pricing policies – additional charges – transparency.
 

Con la sentenza Ryanair Ltd. c. AGCM,[1] depositata lo scorso 23 aprile 2020, la Corte di giustizia è intervenuta sulle...

Lifting the Veil: COVID-19 and the Need to Re-consider Airline Regulation

Insight

Abstract: Based on the assumption that the COVID-19 pandemic might provide the occasion to re-think the role of aircraft passenger transportation, this Insight advocates a re-evaluation of the market models developed over the past decades to deregulate the airline industry. The first aspect on which the Insight focuses is the...

Citizenship, Coronavirus and Questions of Competence

Insight

Abstract: Restrictions on movement imposed in all Member States have necessarily resulted in a restriction of free movement rights of Union citizens, albeit in an incidental manner. These restrictions are nonetheless facilitated by the relevant provisions of primary and secondary law. This is appropriate in light of the multi-level system of...

Rethinking Solidarity in View of the Wanting Internal and External EU Law Framework Concerning Trade Measures in the Context of the COVID-19 Crisis

Insight

Abstract: The present Insight looks at the EU and the international law framework concerning trade measures in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, focusing on export restrictions. As is shown, the legal framework is fairly permissive with regard to EU Member States, but also the EU as an international actor. Taking into account economics–...

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