What Keck and Mithouard Should Have Said: Same Same, but Different

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Abstract: This rewriting of Keck and Mithouard (joined cases C-267/91 and C-268/91 ECLI:EU:C:1993:905) aims to retain the "spirit" of Keck without resorting to categorising national measures into "product requirements" and "certain selling arrangements". The judgment is informed by Senn and Nussbaum’s capability...

What Keck and Mithouard Should Have Said: Preventing Substantial Barriers to Market Access

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Abstract: This rewriting of Keck and Mithouard (joined cases C-267/91 and C-268/91 ECLI:EU:C:1993:905) is based on three categories of measures having equivalent effect: 1) national measures which disadvantage imported goods, 2) product requirements and 3) indistinctly applicable measures capable of...

Introduction: What Keck and Mithouard Actually Said – And Its Legacy

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Abstract: The European Court of Justice's judgment in Keck and Mithouard (joined cases C-267/91 and C-268/91 ECLI:EU:C:1993:905) is one of the crucial judgments in the development of the free movement of goods, and EU internal market law more generally. Keck generated a vast number of scholarly commentaries. Its legacy has...

The Environmental Integration Principle in EU Law: Normative Content and Functions also in Light of New Developments, such as the European Green Deal

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Table of Contents: Ι. Ιntroduction. – II. The origins and the evolution of the environmental integration principle in International Law. – II. The evolution, legal status, normative content and functions of the environmental integration provision in EU Law. – III.1. The evolution of the environmental integration provision and its legal status in EU...

Taking Stock of Art. 13 TFEU in EU Agriculture: Reading Art. 13 as a Whole

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Evolution of Animal Welfare Law and policy in EU agriculture. – II.1. Minimum animal welfare standards. – II.2. CJEU interpretation. – III. Art. 13 TFEU: mainstreaming animal welfare in EU agriculture policy. – III.1. Legal effect. – III.2. Limitations and tensions. – IV. CJEU reading. – IV.1. Halal...

Unravelling the Complexities of the Horizontal Clauses of Arts 8-13 TFEU: An Explanation of the Special Section

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Abstract: This explanation presents the Special Section “The horizontal clauses of arts 8-13 TFEU: normative implications, implementation and potential for mainstreaming”, which collects six Articles originally presented at a workshop devoted to the integration clauses of the TFEU held in October 2021. With a view to working...

Mind the Gap: Emerging Standards of Protection of the Right to Equal Pay Under the European Social Charter and EU Law

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Equal pay standards under the European Social Charter. – II.1. Obligations deriving from the protection of equal pay under the European Social Charter. – II.2. What place for EU law? – III. The European Commission’s proposal on binding measures regarding pay transparency. – III.1. What role for ESC standards...

The Historical Origins of EU Law Primacy, Its Interaction with UK Parliamentary Sovereignty and Brexit Consequences on Other EU Member States

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Orthodox views of parliamentary sovereignty. – II.1. Diceyan orthodoxy observed in Miller. – II.2. Diceyan orthodoxy observed in Cherry/Miller (No 2). – II.3. Hueston’s manner and form observed in the use of referendums. – II.4. Popular sovereignty through referendums. – II.5. Parliamentary sovereignty as it...

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