Consumer Protection in the Age of Personalised Marketing: Is EU Law Future-proof?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. Personalised marketing and its potential to exploit consumer vulnerabilities. – II.1. Personalised marketing. – II.2. Potential to exploit consumer vulnerabilities. – III. Consumer protection against personalised marketing: shortcomings of the current EU legal framework. – III.1. The Unfair Commercial...

Introduction. The ECHR in the ECJ’s Case Law Post-Charter: A Dual Perspective

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Abstract: The relationship between EU law and the ECHR has undergone significant changes in recent decades. The EU has developed its own Charter of Fundamental Rights, gained powers to promote specific fundamental rights, and negotiations for EU accession to the ECHR are ongoing. These evolving parameters strengthen the interactions between the EU...

The Novelty of EU Passenger Name Records (PNR) in EU Trade Agreements: On Shifting Uses of Data Governance in Light of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement PNR Provisions

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. From its commercial origin to the acquired purpose: the shifts of PNR data. – III. The EU-UK TCA and the problem of oversight in EU PNR Law. – III.1. The UK-EU TCA PNR provisions. – III.2. Operation of the TCA oversight provisions in practice. – III.3. Analysis. – IV. “Adequacy” standard for the UK-EU PNR...

A Verfassungsbeschwerde for the European Union?

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In contemporary systems of human rights protection the right to an effective remedy is acquiring a prominent place. It is, indeed, the right of the rights, as no right can be qualified as such unless it is assisted by an effective remedy. The effectiveness of the remedy is thus the indispensable instrument which complements every right, regardless of its nature and rank....

What Keck and Mithouard Should Have Said: ‘Steady as She Goes, Left Hand down a Bit?’

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Abstract: This rewriting of Keck and Mithouard (joined cases C-267/91 and C-268/91 ECLI:EU:C:1993:905) unequivocally states that the French prohibition on sale at a loss is a measure having equivalent effect, and relies to this effect on the Oosthoek line of case law. Gormley's judgment aims to closely follow...

One Health in the EU: The Next Future?

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Table of Contents: I. Introduction. – II. The One Health approach: main conceptual features. – III. The One Health approach in EU policy and legislation. – III.1. The One Health approach in EU policies. – III.2. The One Health approach in EU legislation. – IV. The One Health approach in the European Green Deal. – V. Concluding discussion....

Convention Control Over the Application of Union Law by National Judges: The Case for a Wholistic Approach to Fundamental Rights

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Table of Contents: I. Convention control over the application of Union law by domestic courts. – I.1 The principle. – I.2. Applications. – II. The case for a wholistic approach to fundamental rights: state of the play. – II.1. The European Court of Human Rights. – II.2. The Court of Justice of the European Union. – III. Conclusion....

Preface: Rewriting Landmark Judgments of the European Court of Justice: A New Project for European Papers and a New Way of ‘Doing EU Law’

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Abstract: This preface to the new series What ... Should Have Said: Rewriting Landmark Judgments of the European Court of Justice introduces the project and its rationale. Legal scholars typically critically analyse court judgments so as to provide a "soft power based" check on judicial reasoning and provide doctrinal and normative guidance...

What Keck and Mithouard Should Have Said: Preventing Substantial Barriers to Market Access

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Abstract: This rewriting of Keck and Mithouard (joined cases C-267/91 and C-268/91 ECLI:EU:C:1993:905) is based on three categories of measures having equivalent effect: 1) national measures which disadvantage imported goods, 2) product requirements and 3) indistinctly applicable measures capable of...

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European Forum

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