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Carta dei diritti fondamentali, applicabilità e rapporti fra giudici: la necessità di una tutela integrata

Insight

Abstract: The year 2020 marked the 20th anniversary of the proclamation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. It was drawn up at the end of a long process, to which the Court of Justice has contributed substantially, affirming since the seventies the obligation to protect fundamental rights in the Community. The drafting of a...

Rule of Law Conditionality: The Long-awaited Step Towards a Solution of the Rule of Law Crisis in the European Union?

Insight

Abstract: In December 2020, the European Parliament and the Council adopted a new piece of legislation aimed at protecting the rule of law in the Member States of the Union – the so-called rule of law Conditionality Regulation. This contribution tracks the legislative process in the run up to the new Regulation, analyses the substance and the...

Religious Slaughtering, a Stunning Matter: Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België and Others

Insight

Abstract: In Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België and Others (case C-336/19 ECLI:EU:C:2020:1031) the Court of Justice held that EU Member States are allowed to require, in the context of ritual slaughter, a reversible stunning procedure which cannot result in the animal’s death. According to the Court, Regulation 1099/2009 on the...

Does Stand-by Time Count as Working Time? The Court of Justice Gives Guidance in DJ v Radiotelevizija Slovenija and RJ v Stadt Offenbach am Main

Highlight

Keywords: working time – Court of Justice – stand-by time – rest period – Working Time Directive – health and safety.
 

On 9 March 2021, the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) added two judgments to a long line of case law interpreting the meaning of “working time” under art. 2 of...

The Use of the Charter and Pre-trial Detention in EU Law: Constraints and Possibilities for Better Protection of the Right to Liberty

Insight

Abstract: As EU criminal law has expanded over the years, so have the opportunities for the application of relevant provisions of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The present Insight analyses the situations where the right to liberty has become relevant to pre-trial detention in areas covered by EU rules. It critically discusses the gaps of protection...

When Medical Treatment and Religious Beliefs Intersect: The Case of Veselibas Ministrija

Insight

Abstract: This Insight comments the judgment of the Court of Justice in Veselības ministrija (case C-243/19 ECLI:EU:C:2020:872) with a view to highlight its contribution to the effectiveness of equality in access to healthcare within the Union. After a brief introduction and contextualization of the case, this Insight...

Sensibilité(s) européenne(s) et sensibilité animale: l’affaire Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België e a.

Insight

Abstract: The Court of Justice of the European Union is once again invited to rule on the conciliation between animal welfare and freedom of religion. Mainly relying on the lack of consensus among the Member States, the Court finds that a national legislation introducing an obligation of reversible stunning is admitted according to Regulation (EC)...

In the Name of the Rule of Law? CJEU Further Extends Jurisdiction in CFSP (Bank Refah Kargaran)

Insight

Abstract: In Bank Refah Kargaran (case C-134/19 P Bank Refah Kargaran v Council ECLI:EU:C:2020:793), the Court of Justice decided that it has jurisdiction to award damages for non-contractual liability incurred by the EU for harm caused by certain restrictive measures in Common foreign and security policy (CFSP) decisions. In so...

The Digital Markets Act Proposal of the European Commission: Ex-ante Regulation, Infused with Competition Principles

Insight

Abstract: This Insight on the legislative proposal for a Digital Markets Act (DMA), issued on 15 December 2020 by the European Commission, discusses the importance of clearly delineating the objectives under which enforcement of the said act will take place. This is necessitated because of the closeness, if not overlap with the domain of EU...

La prima decisione sul Regolamento Roma III e la legge italiana sul divorzio: le difficoltà del giudice straniero il cui ordinamento non conosca l’istituto della separazione legale

Insight

Abstract: EU Member States have different understanding as to divorce and separation proceedings. While some States only have divorce and do not know separation proceedings, others will consider both proceedings as alternative remedies in matrimonial claims. Italy is the only MS where a legal separation proceeding is a necessary precondition to file...

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