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Strategic Autonomy: A New Identity for the EU as a Global Actor


Abstract: Over the last decade, strategic autonomy has become a key tool for structuring the EU’s external action. This Insight examines the evolution of the concept in EU discourse and practice, explores its consequences on the emergence of the notion of "European sovereignty", and analyses how strategic autonomy is used to streamline both...

Special Focus on EU Strategic Autonomy and Technological Sovereignty: An Introduction


Abstract: This Special Focus aims at reflecting on the concepts of European technological sovereignty (ETS) and European strategic autonomy (ESA). Taking a legal perspective, it gathers the Insights of a group of scholars on highly debated issues such as the EU’s strategic autonomy, technical and digital sovereignty....

Does the EU's Digital Sovereignty Promote Localisation in Its Model Digital Trade Clauses?


Abstract: The EU increasingly advocates a message of tech or digital sovereignty as its future, which appears to align closely with the concept of strategic autonomy. Arguably digital sovereignty has a highly differentiated understanding in the EU as opposed to the US or China. Increasingly, many suggest EU digital sovereignty in the era of the GDPR...

Before the Gatekeeper Sits the Law. The Digital Markets Act's Regulation of Information Control


Keywords: Digital Markets Act – gatekeepers – information – data – contestability – fairness.

The entry into force of the Digital Markets Act (DMA) introduces a novelty into the legal lexicon.[1] A new term elbows its way into the bustling debate over the regulation of the...

Belarus-sponsored Migration Movements and the Response by Lithuania, Latvia, and Poland: A Critical Appraisal


Abstract: Lithuania, Latvia, and Poland have amended their legislation to respond to the increased migration flows caused by the policies of instrumentalisation of migrants implemented by the Belarusian government. This Insight illustrates these responses and shows how these EU Member States instrumentalised border tensions with Belarus to...

Verso Schrems III? Analisi del nuovo EU-US Data Privacy Framework


Abstract: The Insight aims to analyse whether the Executive Order 14086 of 7 October 2022, signed by the President of the United States following the achievement of the so-called EU-US Data Privacy Framework, has addressed the requirements emerging from the Court of Justice’s ruling in the case Schrems II (case C-311/18). It...

Norme intese a conferire diritti ai singoli e tutela risarcitoria di interessi diffusi: una riflessione a margine della sentenza JP c Ministre de la Transition écologique


Abstract: This Insight takes the Court of Justice’s ruling in JP v Ministre de la Transition écologique and Premier Ministre (case C-61/21) as a starting point to reflect, more broadly, on the interpretation of the first condition of State liability for breaches of EU law, i.e. that the rule breached shall be intended to...

Language Requirements: Integration Measures or Legal Barriers? Insights from X v Udlændingenævnet


Abstract: In X v Udlændingenævnet, the Court of Justice dealt with a Danish provision requiring a Turkish worker, legally resident in Denmark, to successfully pass a language test as a necessary condition to provide his spouse with a residence permit for the purpose of family reunification. The Court claimed that said legislation...

Gibt es eine österreichische Europarechtswissenschaft?


Abstract: The paper addresses the question whether there exists a specific “Austrian” community of EU law scholars. This forms part of the broader question whether there exists a peculiar German or German-speaking community of EU law scholars (to which the current issue is devoted). To this end, the paper examines three fields – the impact of the...

Einheit des Rechts aber nicht der Wissenschaft?


Keywords: legal unity – scientific discourse – fragmentation – comparison of laws – public law – international law.

Ob man nun die EU als Rechtsgemeinschaft, als Rechtsunion, oder als Rechtsraum bezeichnet,[1] zugrunde liegt ein Anspruch auf Einheit, auf Interdependenz zwischen...